The term “cholesterol” has become infamous because of its association with heart disease. However, it is not bad in itself, but its higher level increases the risk of heart disease. Cholesterol is essential for building healthy cells, hormones, vitamin D, and digestive juices, but only high cholesterol levels are considered unhealthy. Most of the cholesterol in the body is produced by the liver, while the rest is made from the foods we eat.
Therefore, it is important to remember that there are two types of cholesterol – high density lipoproteins are called good cholesterol while low density lipoproteins are called bad cholesterol. A higher level of low density lipoprotein cholesterol has a bad effect on your body. Higher levels of bad cholesterol can damage arteries and contribute to heart disease, increasing the risk of stroke.
How do you identify high cholesterol?
There are no clear symptoms that can indicate if your body has high cholesterol. A blood test is the only way to detect it. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention says cholesterol should be tested every five years for people 20 years of age or older. While people with risk factors for heart disease should get tested more often.
Doctors may prescribe special drugs and treatments if the cholesterol level is high. The first line of treatment is a change in diet and exercise. If diet and exercise do not lead to improvement, doctors will prescribe medication based on the cholesterol level and review the patient’s medical history and also if there is more than one disease. The need for drugs to lower cholesterol levels depends not only on low density lipoproteins, but also on other factors, including a high risk of diabetes and heart disease.
Side effects of cholesterol lowering drugs?
Doctors say the side effects of the drugs can include aches, muscle pain, and back pain. No serious side effects are indicated. Therefore, the drugs are safe, and as long as the specialists determine it and the patient has regular monitoring, there is no need to worry about the side effects of the drug. He explained that the incidence of side effects is approximately 1 in 100,000 cases. Side effects are very rare and depend on the patient. There are side effects like nausea, headache, muscle pain.
Medical help should be sought if side effects persist for 2 to 3 weeks. Depending on the cholesterol level and the patient’s medical history, the doctor may also change the treatment. Appropriate treatment depends on many factors such as the patient’s family history, high or low cholesterol. Sometimes a mixture of drugs is prescribed and not just one drug.
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