Health tips for your pets: As pet parents and community dog guardians, it is always heartbreaking to watch our fur babies suffer. Whether it’s constant itching from ticks and fleas or an injury, we make sure they are treated with the right medications and under the constant supervision of veterinarians. While these are situations that pets can recover from, illnesses like seizures or epilepsy can be difficult to manage. But do not worry ! Where there is a will, there is a way. But first, let’s understand what epilepsy and seizures are.Read also – Numerology and pets: your date of birth can indicate which pet is compatible with you
Understanding epilepsy in pets:
Epilepsy is a neurological disease and a genetic disease caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain. In simple terms, it is also referred to as convulsions and convulsions, with the latter being more commonly used. The difference between epilepsy and seizure is episodes. A single episode of seizure is called a seizure. But when several episodes of seizures occur, it is called epilepsy. Also read – Anxiety problems in pets: Does your dog/cat feel anxious? How to know and what to do?
Understanding Seizures in Pets:
The seizures are very unpredictable, unpredictable and can last from 30 to 90 seconds. They can be extremely traumatic to your pet’s mind. This is why animals suffering from episodes of convulsions should be given special care and attention. Also Read – Elon Musk Tweets Photo Of His New Shiba Inu Puppy Named ‘Floki’, Value Of Dogecoin Cryptocurrency Spikes!
Animals with epilepsy: symptoms and treatment
Epilepsy, unlike other illnesses, has no known cause. This can happen due to accidents, injuries, etc., but it can also happen for no random reason. This is why it takes time to find the right medications that can effectively reduce the frequency and severity of seizures. The process is almost like a trial and error method that will require constant modification. Since epilepsy cannot be cured from the root, the goal of the drug is to minimize the occurrence of seizures. Before prescribing any medications, your veterinarian will examine your pet for –
- Underlying illnesses or concerns
- Potential side effects
- Ease of administration
Based on these tests and a plethora of tests, the best way forward will be suggested.
Antiepileptic drugs for seizures in pets:
In recent times, the most widely preferred anticonvulsant drug is levetiracetam. It is a pyridine derivative with minimal protein binding and fast results. Although prescribed by veterinarians when a combination of phenobarbital and potassium bromide is ineffective, it is slowly becoming a standalone drug to treat seizures and epilepsy. With minimal long-term side effects, it is one of the most reliable drugs.
Based on the results, levetiracetam is generally well tolerated by cats and dogs. It does not affect the longevity of life like other drugs which tend to shorten the quality of life. But like any other drug, it also has side effects like behavioral changes, drowsiness, and gastrointestinal upset. Additionally, animals with kidney problems should be treated with caution with levetiracetam.
It can be supported by therapy in the form of cannabis-infused oil. Studies have shown that cannabis infused oil has had a remarkable effect in treating and controlling seizures and epilepsy without any side effects. When these two forces are combined, the results are better and long lasting.
The other drug to suppress seizure episodes and symptoms is phenobarbital. It is an anticonvulsant also called phenobarbital, phenobarb or luminal. When your dog is on phenobarbital it is important to keep him under close supervision and have regular blood tests as it has long term side effects like muscle cartilage degeneration. This will help determine if your dog is getting just the right dose. High levels of this drug can lead to liver disease. Based on this observation, it is highly likely that the dosage will continue to change throughout. Other common side effects include temporary sedative effects like drowsiness, loss of appetite, and thirst.
Another commonly used prescription medication is potassium bromide (can be prescribed as potassium bromide syrup, Epilease capsules, or Libramide capsules). It is also an anticonvulsant and has shown promise in treating seizures. Its effects take time to show up and can take up to 3-6 months from the date of the first dose. Regular blood tests become essential to monitor its effects and also to ensure that there is no overdose as well. Its long-term side effects are serious as it has been linked to the development of pancreatitis, liver problems, and even drug resistance in dogs.
Can human drugs be used on pets for seizures?
Drugs and prescription drugs used to treat epilepsy in humans cannot and should not be used to treat epilepsy in animals. They are either too toxic or ineffective in an animal’s bloodstream. Their body cannot respond properly to these treatments.
Unfortunately, the search for a 10o percent effective cure for epilepsy is still ongoing. But with advancements in medical science, much has been achieved that can enable your pets to live healthy lives. All you have to do is trust them!
— Contributions from Dr Dilip Sonune, Director of Veterinary Services at Wiggles.in